Champ Rock Appraisals, LLC has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(Return to top) The appraisal process is an estimation that produces an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is arrived at through a formal process that usually utilizes the three main "common approaches to value". One of them is the Cost Approach - which is how much it would cost to replace the improvements, less physical deterioration and other factors, plus the land value. Another of the methods is the Sales Comparison Approach - which involves finding a comparable analysis to other similar properties within a close proximity which have recently sold. Usually, the Sales Comparison Approach is the most definite indicator of market value of a residential property. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is the most important method in appraising income producing properties - it involves estimating what an investor would pay based on the income generated by the property.
What does an appraiser do?(Return to top) An appraiser produces an unprejudiced and well justified determination of market value, in the support of real property transactions. Appraisers present their expert findings in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons a person would require your services?(Return to top) There are many reasons to purchase an appraisal with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for ordering an appraisal include:
How is an appraiser different than a home inspector? (Return to top)Home inspectors do not estimate an opinion of value and are not appraisers. A third-party home inspector will investigate the structure of the property, from the top to the bottom. Usually, a home inspection report will explain the amenities and the requirements of the property: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical services, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural integrity of the home such as the attic, visible insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and visible structures.
Is an appraisal the same as a comparative market analysis(CMA)?(Return to top) To be blunt, it's like comparing opera to country. What the CMA depends on are vague trends. An appraisal relies on comparable sales that can be validated by records. The appraisal report will also include neighborhood and building prices. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. Delivering a defensible and careful analysis, an appraisal will give a clear opinion of value.
The person creating the report is actually the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. A CMA is created by a real estate agent who may or may not be trained in technical valuation concepts or even have a handle on market trends. A certified, state licensed professional who bases a career on valuing homes in and around Pendleton County is behind the appraisal. Further, the appraiser is an unbiased party, with no vested interest in the property's value, unlike the real estate agent, whose income is tied to the value of the home.
What can I expect to see in my appraisal report? (Return to top)The main purpose of an appraisal report is to let the reader know the value of the real estate in question, and depending on the scope of the report, one will customarily see the following:
Upon completion of the appraisal, what assurance is there that the value conclusion is veritable?(Return to top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who do appraisers work for?(Return to top) Commonly, appraisers are called upon by mortgage lenders to estimate the value of property involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the house is indeed adequate collateral for the loan. Attorneys and CPAs also hire appraisers for asset division and estate settlements.
Where does Champ Rock Appraisals, LLC get the data used to estimate values in Pendleton County or other areas?(Return to top) Compiling information is one of the primary tasks an appraiser does. Data can be divided into Specific or General. Specific data is taken from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are gathered by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is received from a number of sources. To research recently sold homes to be used as "comps", an appraiser will often go to the local Multiple Listing Service. To verify actual sales prices, we research items in the assessor's office and other public documents. Appraisers routinely have to report when a property is in a flood zone, and that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And most importantly, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from creating appraisals for other properties in the same market.
Why should I hire a licensed appraiser?(Return to top) An appraisal is a worthwhile anytime the value of your home is relevant to some financial decision. For those selling a home, you'll want to figure out the price that gets you the most profit but doesn't leave your home on the market too long; an appraisal can help with that. When buying, be sure you're not overpaying by commissioning an independent appraisal. For parties settling an estate or divorce, an appraisal from Champ Rock Appraisals, LLC is the best documentation to ensure assets are divided properly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value means you can make the right financial decisions.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Return to top) PMI is short for for Private Mortgage Insurance. It guards the lender if a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the value of the house is less than what is owed on the loan. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal appointment(Return to top) We start with an inspection of the property. During this process, we will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. Is there anything you can do to help? Yes there is! First, be sure we have easy access to the exterior of the house (gates aren't locked, etc). Trim any bushes and move any items that would get in our way while we measure the structure. On the inside, make sure the appraiser can get to items like furnaces and water heaters.
To help speed things along as well as ensure a more accurate report, try if possible to have the following items:
How does an appraiser define "Market Value"?(Return to top) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Once complete, who actually owns the appraisal report?(Return to top) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually included with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
This rule doesn't apply when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these scenarios, the appraiser may state how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Which home renovations add the most to the price?(Return to top) This really depends on where the home is. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
No matter where you go, however, renovating a kitchen is almost always a safe investment. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, returning 85%. On the contrary, an improvement that may not increase your value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.